The idea behind HYBRIDShips (which stands for hydrogen and battery technology for innovative powertrains in ships) is to establish the necessary knowledge base for realising zero-emission propulsion systems for longer crossings and larger vessels based on battery and hydrogen technology. Fiskerstrand Holding AS is the driving force behind the project, which in December was granted support through PILOT-E, a financing tool from the Research Council of Norway, Innovation Norway and Enova.
– The goal of this pilot project is a hybrid-powered ferry, which will be in operation within 2020, says Group CEO of Fiskerstrand, Rolf Fiskerstrand. The main propulsion of the ferry will be based on hydrogen and fuel cells. To ensure energy-efficient operation, batteries will also be used.
By addressing a specific ship design, the project will also bring forward the NMA's approval process for the use of hydrogen as fuel in maritime transport. The same applies to DNV GL class rules.
New regulations for safe use of new technology
– It is positive that the NMA is now increasingly being involved in innovative projects at an early stage. This means that we are better prepared in cases where the new technology is not covered by current regulations. Nevertheless, we believe that this also means that the industry, more than ever, considers the NMA an important partner in the development of new solutions, says Director General of Shipping and Navigation, Olav Akselsen.
The HYBRIDShips project was formally launched with a kick-off on 9 January. The first phase will be used to identify technical and regulatory requirements that must be met, to examine and test the fuel cells used under marine conditions, and to develop solutions and procedures for filling and operating with hydrogen.
– We highly appreciate that the NMA wants to be involved in this. Risk assessments and regulations related to approvals will be essential parts of the project, as the technology already exists, says Rolf Fiskerstrand.
– A ferry connection and a suitable ferry for testing and piloting must also be identified, explains Fiskerstrand. The second phase will be devoted to converting the selected ferry, and to testing, piloting and operating it.
Partners in HYBRIDShips
Fiskerstrand Holding AS – project owner, overall project responsibility
Fiskerstrand Verft AS – technical detailing and conversion
Multi Maritime AS – design and construction work
SINTEF Foundation – hybrid model, marine use of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies
NEL ASA – filling / bunkering and technological and economic analysis incl. hydrogen safety
Hexagon Raufoss ASA – hydrogen storage and transport
DNV GL – safety, risk and certification and approval processes (classification)
Norwegian Maritime Authority (NMA) – dialogue partner in maritime approval process
Norwegian Directorate for Civil Protection (DSB) – dialogue partner in approval process for shore-based facilities
Møre og Romsdal County Authority – make an appropriate ferry connection available for piloting